Authority is Constructed and Contextual

  1. Understand the value, sources and markers of authority in a variety of contexts
  2. Understand that traditional markers and sources of authority can exclude diverse ideas and perspectives
  3. Acknowledge that they may be authoritative in a particular area, and recognize the responsibilities entailed
  4. Can deploy credible sources appropriately in different rhetorical contexts

Information Creation is a Process

  1. Understand that Information is available in different formats
  2. Understand that Information creation is an iterative process
  3. Can articulate a rationale for their choices of information formats

Information Has Value

  1. Understand the basic protections offered by intellectual property laws and the exceptions to those protections
  2. Understand that third parties may use data from information interactions for profit, gain, or influence
  3. Understand the models of information distribution and how they affect access to it

Research as Inquiry

  1. Can determine the appropriate scope of inquiry and formulate research questions within it
  2. Can engage in strategic and open-minded exploration of information sources
  3. Can synthesize multiple sources and evaluate their impact on their research questions

Scholarship as Conversation

  1. Can identify and evaluate individual contributions to disciplinary knowledge and situate them in the larger field
  2. Value themselves as contributors to a meaningful conversation
  3. Can recognize and identify the ways authority privileges paths of the conversation
  4. Can articulate the ways in which ongoing conversations have contributed to the evolution of knowledge

Searching as Strategic Exploration

  1. Understand that the information search process is often nonlinear and iterative, requiring persistence and multiple attempts or, as new understanding is developed, recalculation and the pursuit of alternate information resources
  2. Know that exploration might involve assessing a range of information sources and formats for their relevance and value to the project
  3. Understand the organizational structure and function of different information systems
  4. Can identify interested individuals or organizations who might produce information about a topic and determine how to access that information